TRANSLATED FROM DUTCH:
Medical studies are almost always fake and this science journalist explains this in great detail how it will
Most medical studies are fake. This is within the scientific community an open secret, and even has a name: the reproducibility crisis.
Only half of all medical studies remains intact after repeat examination. About two-thirds of the most groundbreaking studies show based on quicksand.
This slows down the scientific process is a waste of time and costs taxpayers more than $ 28 billion annually, says science writer Richard Harris.
“If you read something, take it with a grain of salt,” says Harris. “Even the best science can be misleading.”
He cites one example: years of breast cancer research was done with the wrong melanoma cells.
This means that thousands of studies in leading scientific journals are about the wrong kind of cancer.
In another study claimed that there had developed a new blood test that could detect ovarian cancer.
The research was presented in TV programs and newspapers as a major breakthrough.
The researchers had one day blood testing of women with ovarian cancer, and a day later blood of healthy women.
They measured then only the differences between the two days. No wonder that the test “worked.”
Why are so many surveys useless? According to Harris because the cut-throat competition ‘is pressure to publish “a big one.
This leads to manipulation of data, scientists use only the information that supports their hypothesis and ignore the rest.
There is a growing group of people who exposes this problem. Until that group also includes Professor John Ioannidis of Stanford University.
Of anything and everything
He has written about this topic a lot, including a damning piece titled Why Most Published Research Findings Are False Scientific .
He dug through thousands of papers in which anything and what was said, but in only 1.2 percent of cases knocked these claims actually.
Dr. Ioannidis also examined 49 studies that were cited at least 1,000 times, seven of which were brought down.
For example, one study claimed that women after a hysterectomy benefited from progesterone and estrogen, whereas it was found that the combination of these hormones, increased the risk of heart disease and breast cancer.